The A, B, Cs of G-protein-coupled receptor pharmacology in assay development for HTS

Authors: DJ McLoughlin PhD, F Bertelli PhD, C Williams PhD
Publisher/Year: May 2007, Vol. 2, No. 5 , Pages 603-619 (doi:10.1517/17460441.2.5.603)
Pub Med ID/Journal ID:

Abstract

G-protein-coupled receptors represent one of the most important areas of research in the pharmaceutical industry, being one of the largest druggable gene families. Recognising this fact, manufacturers have developed a huge variety of homogeneous assay technologies that facilitate the quantification of receptor ligand binding events and their downstream signalling cascades. However, while early emphasis was placed on the most sensitive, high-throughput and cost-effective screening technologies to enable identification of the most lead matter for further development, in recent years emphasis has shifted to a focus on maximising the identification of compounds that are new and developing assays that are more biologically/pharmacologically relevant. Therefore, this review provides an overview of the binding and functional techniques available for high-throughput screening, with particular attention on how assay application and configuration can be maximised to ensure their successful identification of relevant chemical matter and thereby optimising project success.