Functional desensitization of the β2 adrenoceptor is not dependent on agonist efficacy.

Authors: Rosethorne EM, Bradley ME, Kent TC, Charlton SJ.
Publisher/Year: Pharmacol Res Perspect. 3(1):e00101.
Pub Med ID/Journal ID: PMID:25692019

Abstract

Chronic treatment with β 2 adrenoceptor agonists is recommended as a first-line maintenance therapy for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, a potential consequence of long-term treatment may be the loss of functional response (tachyphylaxis) over time. In this study, we have investigated the tendency of such agonists, with a range of efficacies, to develop functional desensitization to cAMP responses in primary human bronchial smooth muscle cells following prolonged agonist exposure. The data show that upon repeat exposure, all agonists produced functional desensitization to the same degree and rate. In addition, β 2 adrenoceptor internalization and β-arrestin-2 recruitment were monitored using β 2·eGFP visualization and the PathHunter™ β-arrestin-2 assay, respectively. All agonists were capable of causing robust receptor internalization and β-arrestin-2 recruitment, the rate of which was influenced by agonist efficacy, as measured in those assays. In summary, although a relationship exists between agonist efficacy and the rate of both receptor internalization and β-arrestin-2 recruitment, there is no correlation between agonist efficacy and the rate or extent of functional desensitization.