Discovery of a novel isoxazoline derivative of prednisolone endowed with a robust anti-inflammatory profile and suitable for topical pulmonary administration.

Authors: Ghidini E, Capelli AM, Carnini C, Cenacchi V, Marchini G, Virdis A, Italia A, Facchinetti F.
Publisher/Year: Steroids. 2015 Mar;95:88-95. doi: 10.1016/j.steroids.2014.12.016. Epub 2014 Dec 31
Pub Med ID/Journal ID: PMID:25556984


A novel glucocorticoids series of (GCs), 6α,9α-di-Fluoro 3-substituted C-16,17-isoxazolines was designed, synthesised and their structure-activity relationship was evaluated with glucocorticoid receptor (GR) binding studies together with GR nuclear translocation cell-based assays. This strategy, coupled with in silico modelling analysis, allowed for the identification of Cpd #15, an isoxazoline showing a sub-nanomolar inhibitory potency (IC50=0.84 nM) against TNFα-evoked IL-8 release in primary human airways smooth muscle cells. In Raw264.7 mouse macrophages, Cpd #15 inhibited LPS-induced NO release with a potency (IC50=6 nM)>10-fold higher with respect to Dexamethasone. Upon intratracheal (i.t.) administration, Cpd #15, at 0.1 μmol/kg significantly inhibited and at 1 μmol/kg fully counteracted eosinophilic infiltration in a model of allergen-induced pulmonary inflammation in rats. Moreover, Cpd #15 proved to be suitable for pulmonary topical administration given its sustained lung retention (t1/2=6.5h) and high pulmonary levels (>100-fold higher than plasma levels) upon intratracheal administration in rats. In summary, Cpd #15 displays a pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile suitable for topical treatment of conditions associated with pulmonary inflammation such as asthma and COPD.