Decoding functional metabolomics with docosahexaenoyl ethanolamide (DHEA) identifies novel bioactive signals.

Authors: Yang R, Fredman G, Krishnamoorthy S, Agrawal N, Irimia D, Piomelli D, Serhan CN.
Publisher/Year: J Biol Chem. 2011 Sep 9;286(36):31532-41.
Pub Med ID/Journal ID: PMID:21757729

Abstract

Neuroinflammation and traumatic brain injury involve activation of inflammatory cells and production of local pro-inflammatory mediators that can amplify tissue damage. Using LC-UV-MS-MS-based lipidomics in tandem with functional screening at the single-cell level in microfluidic chambers, we identified a series of novel bioactive oxygenated docosahexaenoyl ethanolamide- (DHEA) derived products that regulated leukocyte motility. These included 10,17-dihydroxydocosahexaenoyl ethanolamide (10,17-diHDHEA) and 15-hydroxy-16(17)-epoxy-docosapentaenoyl ethanolamide (15-HEDPEA), each of which was an agonist of recombinant CB2 receptors with EC(50) 3.9 × 10(-10) and 1.0 × 10(-10) M. In human whole blood, 10,17-diHDHEA and 15-HEDPEA at concentrations as low as 10 pM each prevented formation of platelet-leukocyte aggregates involving either platelet-monocyte or platelet-polymorphonuclear leukocyte. In vivo, 15-HEDPEA was organ-protective in mouse reperfusion second organ injury. Together these results indicate that DHEA oxidative metabolism produces potent novel molecules with anti-inflammatory and organ-protective properties.