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Androgen receptor (AR)

Target Class
NHR
Family
NHR
Official Symbol
AR
Species
Human
Accession Number
NM_000044
Alias Names
AIS; DHTR; HUMARA; HYSP1; KD; NR3C4; SBMA; SMAX1; TFM; androgen nuclear receptor variant 2; androgen receptor; dihydrotestosterone receptor; nuclear receptor subfamily 3 group C member 4; spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy
Background
The androgen receptor gene is more than 90 kb long and codes for a protein that has 3 major functional domains: the N-terminal domain, DNA-binding domain, and androgen-binding domain. The protein functions as a steroid-hormone activated transcription factor. Upon binding the hormone ligand, the receptor dissociates from accessory proteins, translocates into the nucleus, dimerizes, and then stimulates transcription of androgen responsive genes. This gene contains 2 polymorphic trinucleotide repeat segments that encode polyglutamine and polyglycine tracts in the N-terminal transactivation domain of its protein. Expansion of the polyglutamine tract causes spinal bulbar muscular atrophy (Kennedy disease). Mutations in this gene are also associated with complete androgen insensitivity (CAIS). Two alternatively spliced variants encoding distinct isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
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Solution Portfolio

Technology:

Cell Based Protein Interaction
?

DiscoveRx Protein Interaction Assays are cell-based assays designed to measure protein interaction in engineered cell lines using our proprietary EFC technology. The interaction can be triggered by protein activation/inactivation and is the basis of several DiscoveRx cell based assays including the Arrestin and the Kinase assays. Learn more about our Cell Based Protein Interaction Assays.

, Cell Based Translocation
?

DiscoveRx Protein Translocation Assays are cell-based assays designed to measure protein translocation in engineered cell lines using our proprietary EFC technology. The translocation can occur to either the endosome, membrane, cytosol or nucleus and can be triggered by protein activation/inactivation. This forms the basis of several DiscoveRx cell based assays including the GPCR Internalization and the NHR Translocation assays. Learn more about our Cell Based Translocation Assays.

, Biochemical
?

DiscoveRx Biochemical Assays are designed as homogenous, competitive in vitro assays for precise, highly sensitive detection of specific analytes, protein binding or protease cleavage. These highly robust, reliable assays are anchored in our proprietary EFC technology, minimizing false positive due to autofluorescence and are HTS compatible. Learn more about our Biochemical Assays.


Related Target Members:

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Assay Readout Background Species Cell Line
Chemiluminescence HEK 293 Human 93-0177C1
Chemiluminescence CHO-K1 Human 93-0454C2
Assay Readout Background Species Assay Kit
Chemiluminescence HEK 293 Human 93-0177H1CP15S
Chemiluminescence HEK 293 Human 93-0177H1CP15M
Chemiluminescence CHO-K1 Human 93-0454H2CP13S
Chemiluminescence CHO-K1 Human 93-0454H2CP13M
KINOMEscan TKscan BROMOscan NHRscan GPCRscan PATHscan
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