The metabolite GnRH-(1-5) inhibits the migration of immortalized GnRH neurons.

Authors: Larco DO, Cho-Clark M, Mani SK and Wu TJ.
Publisher/Year: Endocrinology 154(2):783-95.
Pub Med ID/Journal ID: PMID:23321696


The decapeptide GnRH is an important regulator of reproductive behavior and function. In the extracellular matrix, GnRH is metabolized by the endopeptidase EC3.4.24.15 (EP24.15) to generate the pentapeptide GnRH-(1-5). In addition to its expression in the adult hypothalamus, EP24.15 is expressed along the migratory path of GnRH-expressing neurons during development. Although we have previously demonstrated a role for EP24.15 in the generation of the biologically active pentapeptide GnRH-(1-5) in regulating GnRH expression and mediating sexual behavior during adulthood in rodents, the modulatory role of GnRH-(1-5) in the migration of GnRH neurons during development remains unknown. To address this information gap, we examined the effect of GnRH-(1-5) on the cellular migration of a premigratory GnRH-secreting neuronal cell line, the GN11 cell, using a wound-healing assay. Dose- and time-response studies demonstrated that GnRH-(1-5) significantly delayed wound closure. We then sought to identify the mechanism by which GnRH-(1-5) inhibits migration. Because the cognate GnRH receptor is a G protein-coupled receptor, we examined whether GnRH-(1-5) regulates migration by also activating a G protein-coupled receptor. Using a high-throughput β-arrestin recruitment assay, we identified an orphan G protein-coupled receptor (GPR173) that was specifically activated by GnRH-(1-5). Interestingly, small interfering RNA to GPR173 reversed the GnRH-(1-5)-mediated inhibition on migration of GN11 neurons. Furthermore, we also demonstrate that the GnRH-(1-5)-activated GPR173-dependent signal transduction pathway involves the activation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 in GnRH migration. These findings indicate a potential regulatory role for GnRH-(1-5) in GnRH neuronal migration during development.