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anaplastic lymphoma receptor tyrosine kinase (ALK(L1196M))

Target Class
Kinase
Family
TK
Official Symbol
ALK
Entrez Gene ID
238
Species
Human
Accession Number
NP_004295.2
Alias Names
ALK tyrosine kinase receptor; CD246; CD246 antigen; NBLST3; anaplastic lymphoma kinase (Ki-1); anaplastic lymphoma receptor tyrosine kinase; mutant anaplastic lymphoma kinase
Background
This gene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase, which belongs to the insulin receptor superfamily. This protein comprises an extracellular domain, an hydrophobic stretch corresponding to a single pass transmembrane region, and an intracellular kinase domain. It plays an important role in the development of the brain and exerts its effects on specific neurons in the nervous system. This gene has been found to be rearranged, mutated, or amplified in a series of tumours including anaplastic large cell lymphomas, neuroblastoma, and non-small cell lung cancer. The chromosomal rearrangements are the most common genetic alterations in this gene, which result in creation of multiple fusion genes in tumourigenesis, including ALK (chromosome 2)/EML4 (chromosome 2), ALK/RANBP2 (chromosome 2), ALK/ATIC (chromosome 2), ALK/TFG (chromosome 3), ALK/NPM1 (chromosome 5), ALK/SQSTM1 (chromosome 5), ALK/KIF5B (chromosome 10), ALK/CLTC (chromosome 17), ALK/TPM4 (chromosome 19), and ALK/MSN (chromosome X).[provided by RefSeq, Jan 2011]
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Related Group Members: TK
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KINOMEscan TKscan BROMOscan NHRscan GPCRscan PATHscan
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